The skill and science of making and breaking locks is done by locksmiths and the profession is called locksmithing.
Sometimes, called security engineering, a properly established way of cracking locks and security systems was referred to as lock picking. We've got the technology behind making locks has not changed since medieval times. The basic technology involves the 'pin tumbler' methodology. Therefore the role from the traditional locksmith has not yet changed much. However, with the coming of technology generally speaking and digital and lasers, security systems have undergone a metamorphosis. It is common that today's security engineer as he is called is a lot more adept with laser and computer or digital systems as opposed to the traditional lock.
Inside the days of old, just one locksmith makes a lock single handedly. Hours at work with use of files and hammer would make a single lock. Today the process of producing locks have changed. A same basic design is used with one part being unique to each and every lock. The part of the locksmith also has evolved where today he could be more in repairs instead of manufacturing.
Though their role has reduced around production, certain specialized segments for example family vaults remain the domain with the traditional locksmith. As these are exclusively designed chances of duplication as in locks which can be produced in an assembly line environment.
Locksmiths exercise of business showrooms, they could be active in vehicles and do in-house servicing, employed by an organization or forensic locksmiths whose job would be to investigate burglaries and unearth evidence for investigations.
A new breed of security engineers or electronic lock servicing locksmiths has emerged. They would work with security companies and design the complete home security systems working on access control. The locksmith would measure the degree of security, the threats and design a burglar alarm plan according to the threat level. The larger the security level the greater expensive it will become. The locksmith needs to do a trade-off between cost and security level for that customer.
The profession of the locksmith has additionally become specialized. It is common to see locksmiths who deal exclusively on domestic locks and keys, automobile locks. Many have grown to be security consultants. There are many certification levels a locksmith can buy today according to his degrees of skills, special areas of practice and experience.
Master locksmith is a term coined by the fraternity of locksmiths who claim that they can have round skills. However, many countries now insist upon certain Certification and registration requirements before the locksmith are able to use the tag of Master Locksmith.
With dwindling scope of work due to technologies including digital locks, locksmiths will have increased their scope of work to door hardware, window and door frames, door hinges and electric strikes.